The family which includes onions, shallots, garlic, leeks, spring onions (US: scallions, salad onions) and so on. Actually the lily family.
Apicius is the title of a collection of Roman cookery recipes, usually thought to have been compiled in the late 4th or early 5th century AD.
Apicius recorded apothermum as a sweet gruel made with spelt and milk, now known as cuccia. It may be sweetened with honey.
"Water of life." Eau-de-vie. A strong, colourless, grain-based spirit. The best known brand in the world is Danish, but it is produced throughout Scandinavia. It is flavoured with cumin and aniseed or fennel. It should be served really very cold. In earlier times it described clear, distilled brandy.
A naturally occurring carotenoid pigment this provides the pink colour in prawns (US: shrimp). In rather the same way that flamingos take on their vibrant pink colour from the small shellfish which form their diet, the same is true of salmon with these creatures.
Boletus is a genus of mushroom, which includes boletus, cep or porcini mushrooms. This is an identifiable genus, as they have spore-bearing tubes on their undersides, rather than gills. This is a large family of fungi, with fleshy caps and stems and usually very good to eat.
The noble rot. The fungus which develops on grapes in certain areas, causing them to shrivel and wither, concentrating the sugar and flavour. Grapes so infected produce a very fine, and expensive, wine.