Sardinia is the anglicised name for Sardegna, an island to the west of Italy in the vicinity of Corsica, which is French. It is the second largest island in the Mediterranean. This autonomous region consists of the provinces of Sassari, Nuoro and Cagliari. The fertile Campidano plain produces cereals, grapes for wine, and olives, and sheep and goats are raised there. Incorporated into Italy in 1861.