The closest variety to the wild form of curly endive (US: chicory). It has rather upright, lobed leaves. 165 says: Perennial dandelion-like plant with bitter green leaves. The leaves are cut off just above the crown and are then forced so that they produce white, yellow tipped, compact leafy shoots known as chicons from January to March. It can be cooked as a vegetable or eaten raw in salads. The roots have been used as coffee substitute. It is also known as Witloof chicory. Succory. Belgian endive (USA). Endive (Fr). Fat, cigar-shaped. It is also known as Witloof.