Almond. Generally speaking this is the almond nut although it sometimes refers to the "almond" of the peach or apricot. The almond is closely related to the plum, peach and apricot. There are two types: bitter almonds, containing Prussic acid, and regular almonds. Of these, Jordan and Alicante almonds are thought to be the finest. This also describes a round cake made from almond paste, sugar and eggs.